Approximately, 2.1% to 3.1% of the total population in America is affected by generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Generalized anxiety disorder is known to be characterized by disruptive and excessive anxiety and worry that considerably affect different aspects of a person’s life. Because of the distressing and prevalent nature it has, there are a lot of tools that are increasingly being utilized in diagnosing a person who is suffering from generalized anxiety disorder. With the use of these diagnostic tools, it will be easy for medical professionals and psychiatrists to know what interventions suit the patients with GAD best.
One of the most common tools in diagnosing GAD is known as the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). This tool, which was designed by Aaron T. Beck, is used in distinguishing anxiety from depression in an individual. The relevant shortness of the said tool only takes 21 questions, which makes it easy and reliable when it comes to scoring. If there are cases of a limited time for testing for anxiety, then BAI is the best tool to use.
Another tool is the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), which is known to be a self-measurement used in diagnosing anxiety, and it is considered to be the most widely used tool. Like the BAI, the STAI is also easy to use because it is relatively short, and administrating the test is also easy. The advantage of this tool is that it can be used in large groups of people.
The next tool will be the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Severity Scale (GADSS), which aims to take a specific look in the anxiety. This is commonly being used by clinicians. This tool targets to measure the severity of a person’s anxiety and what the person is anxious about, such as money, his future, relationships or health. This tool, the GADSS, is considered to have high validity and reliability and is known to be one of the most effective tools in diagnosing anxiety.
Another tool that is being used to diagnose anxiety effectively is the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). This tool helps distinguish what type of anxiety the person is experiencing. This tool effectively measures the degree of the person’s worries and assesses the severity of the anxiety being felt.
The last tool that experts use is known as the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A). This tool is in a form of an interview that clinicians use, so that they may determine the severity of anxiety. This also deals to know the anxiety levels by documenting the results and giving proper treatment.
Measurement tools are crucial, so that it will be easy for experts to diagnose the disorder. It’s also a helpful determinant for the required interventions and treatments that will help the person in controlling and coping with anxiety.
If you feel any symptoms of anxiety bothering you, which persist for more than 6 months already, then it’s high time you sought medical professional help. They are trained to help in your gaining back your sense of well-being and recovering from the troubles of anxiety.